I started prostrations a few months ago and so far I have done 300, but I’m having difficulties because I have osteoarthritis in both knees. Can you recommend a way for me to continue my prostrations or would it be possible for me to start with Diamond Mind?

Your refuge is in your mind, and all buddhas see you. You do your best, and you will get the full results. Please continue with the Diamond Mind meditation, that’s an excellent practice. What moves to the next life and is purified now is your mind, not your shoulders, back or knees. So everything is fine and enjoy your meditation. 

What is the real job of the Buddhist centers and the people who run them?

Lama Ole’s answer:

The purpose of a center is to provide a place where people can develop. Buddhism has only one product and that is grown-up, independent human beings. Other religions build temples for their gods, but we don’t make our centers for the Buddha. We make them for ourselves, so that there are places where we can grow and learn. For this reason, freedom, openness, and the greatest possible confidence between people are essential. Only this way can everything grow. It is very important to trust people. If you treat them like children, they will stay children forever. But if you trust them and give them responsibilities, they will grow up.

Our experience has shown that it is important to meditate together in the center for a half hour or an hour several times a week. In the space and surplus that arises through this practice, people grow together, complement each other, and become a totality. Everything else will develop by itself. One should enjoy doing whatever one likes with others in the center, but there should also be room enough for everybody to find their own rhythm in life. Of course, people who live in the center should be interested in contributing to the common work.

When new people come, one should make sure that they feel comfortable. There was a time in Denmark, about ten years ago, when people in the centers were so busy working that new people only got to see their broad backs. They had no surplus and no time, and it shouldn’t be like that. We should give new people the feeling that they are welcome, that their questions will be answered, and that they can come as often as they like without any obligation. We can give them general information and books, but shouldn’t talk at them too much or try to persuade them of everything on the first day. We make an honest and friendly offer, and then people can decide on their own.

One should basically leave people their freedom and give them space and confidence. That is very important. Often the most difficult step a person ever takes is through the threshold of a Buddhist center. Through doing this, people open themselves to completely new influences and possibilities. They are unprotected and have to rely on people they hardly know, because they are not yet experts in working with their minds. That’s why we have a huge responsibility for these newcomers.

What can I do if I always sense a certain distance between me and my partner?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Today people can allow themselves more distance than in the past because partners are not forced to stay together anymore. People aren’t as dependent on one another as they were in earlier times, when there was no social welfare system. What is helpful against this feeling of distance is to imagine that you radiate as much light as possible from your own heart into your partner’s heart or their entire body. Also do this when making love: imagine or deeply feel that you pull the other completely into your heart and hold them there.

I have difficulties getting into a relationship because I always feel the uncomfortable pressure of expectations. What is your advice?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Expectations are a form of attachment. That’s why we should seek to make the other as rich and beautiful as possible. Perceive each other as free people: exchange, give space, share, learn from each other, and come out of the relationship enriched and able to pass this on to others. Make sure that you both can grow, that you can meditate and are not restrained.

Of course there are still deep habits left over from the customs before our social welfare system: the woman stays at home taking care of the kids while the man is outside hunting with a spear or fighting. Women do have greater difficulty with attachment and men with anger—in line with the tantra families. But with today’s social systems, women have the same freedoms as men and do not need to be so clingy, while men in turn can be less angry.

Today men and women can meet as free people, as independent individuals who can exchange, share, learn from each other, and walk away from the relationship enriched. They can then pass on to others what they have learned and experienced. Unfold this power within yourselves.

Is it better to throw oneself completely into a relationship or to set limits at the outset to preserve some autonomy for oneself?

Lama Ole’s answer:

In my opinion, it’s best to dive in completely. But if you prefer to live alongside each other with clearly defined limits—like in a parent-child or brother-sister relationship—this can work out well too, though one doesn’t experience the total closeness of a romantic bond. I think that getting fully involved and jumping in with both legs is far more exciting.

In matters of love, the one who gives everything wins. Love is like a well: the more you give, the more you get. We grow by giving. Naturally, the motivation must be right as well: make the wish that the other grows and develops. Don’t become dependent, but rather stay grounded to be able to give continuously.

People might think that the one who doesn’t contribute anything to the relationship is the winner and the one who gives everything loses everything. But this is not true. Those who don’t contribute also won’t learn anything, while those who give will also gain and grow.

Don’t you think that one needs to set boundaries in a partnership sometimes?

Lama Ole’s answer:

I don’t think so. But you have to make sure to love your partner for everything they are—for their intelligence, abilities, strength, knowledge, and so on—not only for one thing. Doing this, you take on a complete role and there is no need to limit yourselves. However, if your partner gives you no wiggle room, no space to move, you need to set boundaries and make them understand, for example, that you aren’t their servant or mother or something like that.

Every relationship is rooted in old karma. Shared good actions as well as bad actions generate strong connections. In the current relationship, everything positive and negative you did together before will be experienced together as something pleasant or unpleasant. Karma is really strong, and this is why some people can’t get away from each other. If one partner is really difficult and not ready to change at all, and the other partner is suffering due to this, then I do indeed try to help them split up.

It is better to ruin only one life instead of two. This is especially true in the West, where one has a welfare system and isn’t dependent on one’s partner. It is about doing our best—about benefiting others and ourselves as best we can.

Can you say something about the significance of money?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Money is a form of energy, something we can work with. I myself was born in 1941—the war generation—and I remember my first piece of white bread up to this day. My handling of money was shaped by my childhood and the post-war period. So in financial matters, I am rather conservative. This is why I advise all my students to never get into debt. The Tibetans say that if you die with debts, you will be reborn as a horse. And all your former creditors ride around on your back treating you badly.

Once you’ve checked out the situation, you can also take a risk sometimes. It’s just important that you never end up in a weak position where you’re unable to feed yourself and are dependent on others. Freedom lies in keeping your daily needs small. The less you need for yourself, the more surplus you will have for others. If you need a luxurious house, an expensive Mercedes Benz, and designer clothes, you’ll then need to put enormous effort into finding something you can still experience as special. But if you also like to drive a used car, go shopping for clothes at second-hand stores, buy food from the supermarket, and occasionally sleep in the car instead of a hotel room, then there is also something left for others.

Everyone has some things they consider particularly important. For me, it’s moving fast in a car or on a motorbike. If you fulfill a few of your own wishes—the ones you find particularly important—you’ll easily come into a state of surplus where you can do all sorts of things. This is my advice. To become a big consumer is really not a goal—that I can tell you. You’ll just end up around snobs and difficult people, and you’ll be bored all the time.

Can you say something about marriage and parenthood in the modern world?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Like in other areas of life, the partners in a marriage want to have happiness and avoid suffering. In this respect, the marriage is no different from any other relationship between a man and woman—with or without the marriage certificate. Both partners are always free to do as they wish. But this changes as soon as children are born because they depend on their parents. When kids are involved, a couple should try to stay together, even though it might be difficult to find a common language at times. In this case, it would be better for the children to sometimes spend more time with the mother and sometimes more time with the father, as the children like.

Our attitude is what matters: we should support the other person’s growth and development, which means giving instead of taking or exploiting. To do this, we basically need to see our partner as something very precious, as somebody who is able to develop.

Can you say something about the other types of relationships between men and women that are not love relationships?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Observe people closely and you will often see what sort of relationship you could have with them. You can see whether attachment arises and what kind of connection it could be—more sexual, more emotional, and so on.

There are four roles a woman can take on for the man and vice-versa. A woman can be like a mother who tries to parent him. Or if the man and woman simply have a lot of fun together, she’s more like a sister. If she is protected by him, she is like a daughter. And if there is physical attraction, she is rather like a lover.

The woman can perceive the man in the same way. He is like a father if he is a protector, giving security. If being together with him is fun but doesn’t involve too many emotions, then he is like a brother. If he is someone who needs to be protected and nurtured, he is like a son. And if he is physically attractive and the relationship flows well, he is like a lover.

Everybody wants to be the lover, of course. This is more exciting and special. But I can tell you, in my experience—and through the blessing of all Buddhas—ten years later, it no longer matters whether someone was like a sister, a daughter, or a lover to me. No matter how close it was, in long-lasting relationships this is not important at all.

Of course one gives more and is more open towards a person one makes love to, since this is a close relationship. But the lasting qualities are much more important, the qualities of the dharma and the quality of trust. What is really important is to grow, to develop ourselves, and to work together.

There is great blessing in being together, but if there is too much attachment, then suffering and difficulties arise too. The most important is to share the dharma—the development and the growth.

What is the right attitude to have to create a happy relationship in which both partners develop best?

Lama Ole’s answer:

The best attitude in love is to think more of giving than of taking, to wish others happiness, and to try to give what is beneficial. Don’t have too much attachment; rather, share in a friendly, easy way without restricting each other. If you always hold your partner in your mind, it will become less tight and more fun.

This is a long path and takes some time. Since you were born a human being in this life, this means that desire was the strongest emotion. As you become more and more clear headed, pay particular attention to whether what you do is useful for other people, especially if you have power over them. Think about what you can and cannot share with them, what is good now and what will be beneficial later. There are a lot of different things to consider.

At times, one even has to do things that appear quite odd. Drugpa Kunley was a master of this. One day, he was walking along the streets of Bhutan when a young lady passed by. He said to her, “We definitely have to make love. Come with me right now.” She looked at him, unshaven and long-haired as he was, and replied, “Oh!” She ran to the next house and said, “Listen, further down there is a terrible man with lots of hair and a big beard who wanted to sleep with me!”

“You are the stupidest girl in town,” the people answered. “That was the best yogi we have; that was Drugpa Kunley. It certainly would have been fantastic.” And again she said, “Oh!” She went back and told him, “Alright, I have thought it over and…”

“Sorry,” he retorted, “I don’t have time anymore. The moment I offered it to you, a highly realized awareness passed by and I could have fathered you a wonderful child. But now—I’m sorry, another time.”

If you look beyond the personal, you’ll see that things aren’t simply good or bad, but rather they produce happiness or suffering depending on the circumstances. As regards sexuality, if people have the fitting karma, it will be joyful for them. In other cases, sexuality only causes problems—problems in the first relationship, in the second, in the third, and so on.

If you are closely connected to someone else, physically close, then the best thing you can do is to leave freedom to him or her as best you can. This is the true gift in love: to show people their beauty and potential, and to let them be free. Test this out—think of others, not of yourself. This is what is important.

If we look at love, for instance, there are two kinds: one that gives, enriches, and grows, and another that has limits and expectations, freezing things and constantly clinging to the past or future. In this constricting, bad kind of love, one tries to place the other in boxes, saying, “Now that you have married me, you cannot talk to that person and you have to do this and that.”

If people tie themselves together in such a narrow relationship that they completely exclude themselves from communicating with the outside world, this is a sign of weakness and is not good. It impoverishes everyone.

The good kind of love—which is giving and generous, which has the taste of freedom and growth—can be found in those relationships where both partners want to learn and grow together, and each wants the other to develop. This is the case when the man looks at the woman and thinks, “I will turn you into a queen.” And the woman looks at the man and thinks, “I will turn you into a prince.” Here, one doesn’t want to control or limit the other but rather to show them their qualities—their strength, beauty, and potential. This is the right kind of love.

If we perceive all beings as Buddhas and exclude nobody from our love, how can we still have an intense relationship with one person?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Even though immense joy and radiance emerges inside you when you wish everything good for all beings, there are still some people you will be connected to more closely. For instance, in former lives you may have made strong wishes together to accomplish something good. So even if you wish all the best for everybody, even if you do all you can and continuously feel joy and surplus for others, still there are some beings you can help and others you cannot reach. It is like a ring and a hook: if there’s no ring, the hook has nothing to catch on.

You will meet people you have a close connection with and continue to work together, as I did with my wife, with Caty, and with many of my students and friends. Although you continuously experience more and more joy, you’ll notice that there are some people you are more closely bonded to than others.

In other words, if you wish everyone everything good, it doesn’t mean that you don’t wish the very best for the being you are closest to. This is how I experience it myself.

What would you advise to someone who is longing for a partnership but at the same time is afraid of too much closeness?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Examine what type of fear it is. Is it fear of physical closeness or fear of mental closeness? A handy method to find out whether you have a basic physical openness is to ask yourself whether you’d be fine using the other’s toothbrush. If you do feel that the person is attractive and you enjoy touching and watching them, then try to find out how to remove the obstacles.

Start from where the power is. If you mainly find the other physically attractive, start here and check whether this can also be extended to the mind. If you like the other because of their mind, then check whether this can be extended to the body. It is always “the art of the possible”: always start with what fits, and from there see what’s possible.

It is important to examine your attitude as well. If you go in with the approach of “what can I give?” then the relationship will certainly turn out well. If instead you have the attitude, “what can I get?” then it surely won’t turn out well. This is why you should strengthen yourself and make yourself aware of what you can give. See yourself as powerful and capable, and think that you’ll give something good to the partner. Then you’ll be open to everything good that you receive as well. Don’t make yourself small by thinking, “Who wants to take little me along?” Make yourself big and go out into the world.

What can we do if we’re unable to open up anymore out of fear of being disappointed?

Lama Ole’s answer:

This is quite easy. Think of others, of what you can do for them and how you can give them joy. Then the rest will fit by itself.

Don’t think about yourself, but rather think, “Here is somebody who loves me, who needs me.” And then try to give. And while thinking of the other person, you’ll get back your own affirmation and joy retroactively, so to speak. If you only think about what you could experiences or where you are vulnerable, then it’s like driving a car with a load of lead in the trunk: you won’t get far and it doesn’t drive well. Dedicate yourself fully to the task at hand; confidently work with things as they are, and you will benefit.

I think that people do not love enough. They want things to be convenient and don’t push their limits. We should completely plunge into love and experience something—that is precious for our own development.

As an example, I’ll tell you the story of the little philosophical bear cub. When the time had come to learn to walk, the cub was pondering over which paw to move first. The mother came by, and thinking that he had been standing around far too long, she gave him a shove. He went flying forward but then walked perfectly afterwards. The bear cub never came to know which paw he moved first.

With love it’s the same thing. You simply do your best and think of giving others happiness and meaning.

I’ve got problems with my femininity. Somehow I have deficits and blockages in this respect. Can you give me some advice?

Lama Ole’s answer:

It is possible for a woman to lose touch with her femininity because she has been talked into believing that it is something bad. This is a crucial mistake. We Danes say there are no frigid women, only clumsy men. A derogatory view of femininity can be brought about by men as well as by women. Sometimes it is rooted in a negative experience in one’s childhood.

In this case, one needs to recover one’s femininity. This is possible through meditation. Mind is like a radiating jewel, and once it is purified through meditation, you obtain something good. You can identify with a Tara form or, if you are a lively type, with a red feminine energy form. If you identify completely with it, all flaws dissolve and any destroyed femininity will be completely restored. Similarly, meditation on the protectors gives men the strength they didn’t have before.

With monks and nuns, it’s the other way around: men meditate on female aspects because they lack those qualities, and women meditate on male aspects since they lack those. This is how one gets the balance.

It is essential to understand that your mind is the mind of the Buddha and that all veils and disturbances are negligible, that they are only dust on the jewel. It’s the jewel itself that is real.

Are envy and jealousy the same thing?

Lama Ole’s answer:

Envy and jealousy often lie very close together, but we can distinguish them by looking at their causes. Jealousy originates from desire and lacking something, from the feeling of not having enough. A jealous person believes that they need the other person. They need to hold on and to take precautions. This is why they don’t like to see their hopes vanish. If there’s a person they like a lot and they suddenly lose that person, jealousy arises.

In contrast, envy doesn’t stem from attachment and lack but rather from anger and aversion. The envious person doesn’t like someone, and that’s why they don’t want that person to be happy. Although they don’t have anything to do with the person, they still fly into a rage if the other is doing well. This is envy.

In dealing with jealousy, it is of utmost importance to give the jealous person a feeling that you are there—even if you aren’t physically around. It is very important to show your appreciation for the connection you have with each other. A situation may arise in which you don’t share a lot of physical closeness. But if it is clear that you will not throw away or spurn what you have shared before, that instead you will honor it and be happy about it, then you can radiate this surplus into the world. If you handle jealously like this, it will dissolve.

This way, you have shared richness with each other; you pass it on here and the other passes it on there. Always come back to the feeling of richness, to the view, “Now we are sharing something rich. We will pass it on to all beings everywhere. Space is connecting us and holding us together, making us part of the same totality.” If you think this way, everything narrow minded disappears.

Space doesn’t separate us, it connects us. Space isn’t distance, it’s a container. Right now, there might be two meters between us here, and we experience this as a separation, as something we do not like. But taking a closer look, we actually see that there are countless kilometers behind us.

Our entire perception of space ought to change. We are used to letting our awareness solely work through our eyes, and thus we experience the world exclusively this way. As long as we only perceive through the eyes and only focus on what can be seen, we experience a feeling of separation. The sensation of being separated—of “a me here” and “a you there”—can be changed in a very positive way by opening up to space in all directions. One can practice being aware in all directions from one’s heart center or from the five energy centers at the same time, and experience the world this way.

For instance, if you try to expand your awareness through your back, you sense the pillow, the wall of the room, the wall of the house, the street, the cars there, the neighborhood, the city, the country, the world. This way, you can try out everything through all energy centers of the body and get more and more of a feeling of space. Let the sense of center and limit dissolve until there is only a state of awareness, which is totally open like space. This removes jealousy!

By the way, this is part of a whole meditation, but one can also practice it like this. In any case, it comes through meditation! Meditation removes the separation between you and me, between here and there. Then you are together anyway in the sweet state of the oneness of all phenomena, in the fantastic state of awareness. The experience of mind itself is even better and richer than having a lover on each side. It is a state that is far more all-embracing than everything else. Meditation is king!

If somebody has problems with jealousy, you can really say, “You don’t have a clue how rich you are. You can only see something beautiful in me because you carry something beautiful inside yourself. I only function as your mirror. I solely show you your own beauty, your own buddha nature, your own abilities. If you didn’t have all this in yourself, you wouldn’t be able to see it in me!” But it is quite difficult, especially if the other person doesn’t wish to develop but rather wants a cramped, exclusive relationship and puts great expectations onto the partner for their own happiness. It is difficult to help somebody like this, and you cannot protect them from every difficulty.

However, quite often pain is the motor of development. Only when the ordinary games and habits no longer function and a person experiences pain, only then do they come to understand that they need to change a bit. Otherwise, the mind is like a fat, lazy horse that prefers to lie down or stand around while achieving nothing. Generally speaking, since everything we experience is a reflection of ourselves, as long as something can be painful we are still learning. The moment nothing hurts us anymore, we have made it. It is as simple as that.

You can check it yourselves in your own lives. It may be in relationships or other life situations: as long as you find enough strength inside yourselves and don’t need anything else, as long as you are cool and happy and have surplus for other things—no matter what’s going on—you’ve made it. You are only still vulnerable to the degree that you need something again and again; or you want to hold on to something or push it away; or you need to prove yourselves, explain yourselves, or excuse yourselves.